Founded and opened in 1897 by Sir Henry Tate, this is now the oldest and largest art gallery of the Tate network of galleries in England and is devoted to British works of art from Tudor times to the beginning of the XIX century. The modern and contemporary collections of the gallery have now been moved to Tate Modern, in a refurbished location further along the Thames.
At Tate Britain one can enjoy the largest collection of paintings and other artworks by JMW Turner, as the painter left a bequest to the United Kingdom of his huge private collection, now exhibited at the Close Gallery of the London museum. Visitors can get a comprehensive idea of Turner and his contemporary’s art.
Tate Britain now hosts the collection of mainly British artists from 1500 to the beginning of past century, while modern and contemporary artworks have been moved to Tate Modern. Particularly interesting are paintings and scultures by artists active during the Victorian period.
Apart from permanent collections, the lower ground floor of Tate Britain has hosted many interesting exhibitions, recently about Britain and Van Gogh, Picasso, David Hockney and will organise an upcoming exhibition next yer on Baroque in Britain.