My favourite early Romantic composers ๐ŸŽน๐Ÿ›๐ŸŽถ

The definition of Romantic music encompasses a rather long period of time in Western music, between the end of the 18th century and the middle of the 19th century. The Romantic period takes place after the Classical period and the Modern music of the 20h century. During its early phase, composers progressively moved away from the schemes of the Classical period and found inspiration in nature and a similar movement that was happening also in other arts, apart from music, during the same time.

Out of the many composers of this period I have made a selection of my favourites based on their significance for this style of music and the personal meaning of their compositions in my musical journey and personal taste.

Born in Bonn, Germany in a family of musicians on 17 December 1770, the precocious Ludwig van Beethoven showed musical genius talent as a pianist from an early age, being taught by his father. After some initial work at the court of the Elector of Bonn Ludwig then moved to Vienna in his early ’20s, in 1792, where he started studying composition with Joseph Haydn. The young Beethoven quickly attracted attention both as a composer, with his symphonic and chamber music work, but also as a challenging character to deal with. His music can be considered on the verge of the Classical period and introducing the Romantic phase.

Daniel Barenboim performing the first movement of the Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven.

Born in Poland in 1810 Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin was very soon recognised as a child prodigy and, by the age of seven, he started giving public concerts as a pianist and composed his first piano pieces. In his early 20s he left Poland and made no return to his homeland, whereas he settled in Paris and acquired the French citizenship, also using the French version for his name. During his period in Paris Chopin developed relationships with his contemporary artists like Liszt, Berlioz.

Born on January 31, 1797 in Himmelpfortgrund, Austria, Franz Peter Schubert demonstrated an early gift for music. As a child, his talents included the ability to play the piano, violin and organ. He was also an excellent singer.

Ave Maria by Schubert interpreted by Luciano Pavarotti,

Robert Schumann is one of the most famous romantic composers. He was born in 1810, in Zwickau, Germany. He started playing piano and composing music when he was very young. He is known for his use of musical motifs, which are short themes that are repeated throughout a piece of music. His compositions often have a melancholy mood and dramatic intensity because he was also an accomplished pianist who suffered from mental illness and depression.

Arthur Rubinstein performing the Trรคumerei by Robert Schumann.

Franz Liszt was a Hungarian pianist and composer, born in what is now Hungary. His brilliant technique and dramatic interpretations have earned him a place in history as one of the great geniuses of all time. Franz Liszt’s father intended him to study law but he showed an early interest in music. He began teaching piano at the age of thirteen and made his debut as a concert pianist at sixteen. Throughout his life, he continued to perform with great success. He also studied composition with Robert Flesch, another well-known pianist. By the age of twenty-one, Liszt had composed his first symphony.

Vincenzo Bellini was born in 1801 in Catania, Sicily. He is considered one of the most important opera composers of the 19th century. Belliniโ€™s early life was filled with success as he composed operas and had his music performed throughout Italy. However, his career took a turn for the worse when he had an affair with a soprano and her husband shot Bellini twice in the face. Bellini died before he could see himself fully recover from this incident. Innovative opera composer Vincenzo Bellini is best known for his work โ€œNormaโ€ which has been translated into many languages and is still being performed today.

My favourite composers

Music

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